The state, which had 19,90,036 residents in 2001, recorded a population of 19,78,502 in 2011.
Nagaland governor Ashwani Kumar released the primary abstract of the Nagaland Census 2011 during an event at Capital Convention Centre here and also presented certificates of honour and medals to officials who had performed exceedingly well while collecting data for the census.
Lauding the effort officials had put into the enumeration, he said the 2011 census portrayed an “authentic” picture of the current scenario in the hill state.
Stating that the census in Nagaland was a unique and fully participatory exercise that had the full backing of the government, civil servants and society, he said the officers had accomplished the challenging task with courage, truthfulness and professionalism.
The governor said the census had brought to light many interesting facts about Nagaland, which showed a high literacy rate of 79.6 per cent compared to the national average of 73 per cent and a female literacy rate of 76.1 per cent against the national average of 64.6 per cent. He said these were good indicators of human development.
Kumar said the other side of the statistics must also be kept in mind, as it showed wide disparities across some of the districts and subdivisions. Pointing out the difference in literacy rates between Mokokchung (91.6 per cent) and Mon (57 per cent), Kumar said such statistics should help in allocating more resources to improve the situation and ensure accessibility to education. “The areas with enough infrastructure need to start concentrating on quality education now, especially in science and technology.”
Regarding the rapid urbanisation the state was witnessing, Kumar said the need of the hour was a long-term policy based on a clear vision of the future to cater to the demands of urbanisation.
He emphasised the importance of having a balanced sex ratio and the need to provide equal opportunities to men and women in all aspects of social, economic and political life.
The governor congratulated the award winners and the entire team of the state directorate of census operations and thanked civil society, the people of Nagaland, numerous householders and the indigenous people for participating in the census. “Your contributions towards a broader public and national cause have made it possible for this huge and complex task to be completed in a very professional and systematic manner.”
Chief minister Neiphiu Rio said the census was an important exercise and expressed optimism that the data collected would help the state government chalk out crucial development plans.