Guwahati, May 24 : In Assam where the social status of women is high in comparison to some other states, female population recorded a growth rate of 19.7 per cent during the last decade compared to 18.2 per cent males against the previous decade's 18.5 per cent and 15.7 per cent.
The growth rate of the female population in the state over males continued to be high during 2001-2011 as in the previous decade recording a final total population of 31,205,576 as on March 1, 2011, according to the Primary Census Abstract (PCA) data released here today.
There was an increase of 2,162,406 males and 2,387,642 females in the ten-year period, according to the first set of final data released for the state by Director of Census Operations, Assam R K Das here.
With a sex ratio of 958 females per thousand males in 2011 against 935 in 2001, Das said the rural ratio is 960 and 944 respectively and the urban ratio 946 and 872 respectively.
The Child Sex Ratio (0-6) as on 2011 increased to 962 against 935 in 2001 with Udalguri district heading the top five districts with 973 and Hailakandi with 954 leading the bottom five districts, said state Census Operations joint director Bharati Chanda.
The decadal population of the state has grown by 17.07 per cent during 2001-11 against 18.92 per cent in the previous decade, as per the PCA from the Population Enumeration exercise held in February 2011.
Dhubri district on the Indo-Bangladesh border recorded the highest population growth rate of 24.44 pc and Kokrajhar district the lowest of 5.2 per cent during 2001-2011, Chanda said.
Out of the 27 districts, 14 districts -- Dhubri, Morigaon, Goalpara, Darrang, Nagaon, Karimganj, Hailakandi, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Cachar, Dhemaji, Kamrup(Metro), Karbi Anglong and Lakhimpur - recorded a population growth rate above the state growth rate of 17.1 per cent, she said.
It was observed that Urban Area Growth Rate (27.89 pc) is higher than the Rural area (15.47 pc) in the state, she added.
Kamrup (Metro) is the most densely inhabited district with 1313 persons per sq km followed by Dhubri (896), Barpeta (742), Nalbari (733) and Nagaon(711) district.
The lowest density of population was reported from Dima Hasao district with 44 persons per sq km.